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The compiler is the last step in turning your code into a program that runs on your computer. You learn the C language to write source code.
Source code cannot be understood and run by a computer in this state. It has to be converted to code that the computer can run. This is the job of the compiler.
Source code can be written on any platform. It is meant for humans and is the same on any operating system. The compiler, on the other hand, has to be specific for the operating system where the program will run. Compilers usually produce code that will run faster than the alternative, interpreters. The executable program can be distributed without the source code, which makes it harder for anyone to steal the programming ideas that went into the program.
A disadvantage of compilers is that the compiling step adds time to the development process because the whole program must be compiled each time a change is made. The most recommended way to get a C compiler for your Mac is to use Xcode.
This uses gcc, the popular open source C compiler. The details vary for each version of OS X. You will have to register as an apple developer to get access to these tools. In order to do these installs, you will be using Terminal to work at the command line. Get a solid foundation on the Mac command line with this course. For all of the versions of OS X, you will be downloading Xcode.
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An IDE allows you to write, compile, and debug a program from one central interface. Xcode can act as an IDE for C programming. All of the install methods involve first getting Xcode, then making the gcc compiler available outside of Xcode, and then installing a newer version of gcc.
For OS X This will give you a working version of gcc, but it is an older version. You can install this after installing Xcode. The files must be unzipped and installed at the command line. After that, you will need to update your Shell resource file so that the newer versions are used.
It is free, but you need to supply credit card information in order to have an App Store account. For Xcode 4. To finish the job, start Xcode and go to Preferences, Downloads, Components. Click on the Install button that is next to Command Line Tools. This gives you older versions of gcc.
Later, Xcode was free to the general public. Before version 4.
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On August 29, , Xcode 4. On October 12, , Xcode 4. On September 19, , iOS 6 and Xcode 4. This latest was only included in the betas version. Apple removed support for building garbage collected Cocoa binaries in Xcode 5. One of the most notable features was support for Swift , an all-new programming language developed by Apple.
Xcode 6 also included features like Playgrounds and live debugging tools. Xcode could be downloaded on the Mac App Store. It introduced support for Swift 3. It introduced support for Swift 4 and Metal 2. Xcode 9 was publicly released on September 19, On June 4, , at the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference , Xcode version 10 was announced; a beta version was released the same day.
Xcode 10 introduced support for the Dark Mode announced for macOS Mojave , the collaboration platforms Bitbucket and GitLab in addition to GitHub , training machine learning models from playgrounds, and the new features in Swift 4. Xcode 10 was publicly released on September 17, On June 3, , at the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference , Xcode version 11 was announced; a beta version was released the same day.
Xcode 11 introduced support for the new features in Swift 5. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Xcode Developer s Apple Inc. Stable release Xcode Apple Developer. Apple Inc. October 31, Retrieved October 31, Retrieved May 29, Retrieved June 21, Retrieved February 8, December 1, Retrieved February 9, Retrieved April 3, August 30, Archived from the original on June 16, September 16, Retrieved September 15, Retrieved October 18, February 27, Archived from the original on October 16, Mac Rumors. June 8, July 20, Retrieved July 3, Retrieved May 2, July 25, Retrieved August 2, June 10, Retrieved June 11, April 20, June 5, Retrieved June 6, Retrieved July 24, Archived from the original on September 20, Retrieved September 19, Retrieved June 4, Xcode 10 no longer compiles bit applications" Tweet — via Twitter.
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Retrieved September 17, September 17, Retrieved September 12, Retrieved June 15, There were several releases of Xcode 3. Archived from the original on July 30, Archived from the original on September 24, Archived from the original on February 2, Archived from the original on February 18, Mac App Store. Archived from the original on July 1,
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